The Pattern of Civil Services (Mains) Examination


The Pattern of Civil Services (Mains) Examination


Paper - I
Language -300 Marks
Candidate can take any Modern Indian language but this paper is of qualifying nature

Paper - II
English -300 Marks

This paper is of qualifying nature

Paper - III

Essay - 200 Marks

Can be written in the medium or language of the candidate's choice

General Studies-I 300 Marks (Indian Heritage and Culture,
History and Geography of the World and Society)

General Studies -II: 300 Marks
(Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations)

General Studies -III 300 Marks
(Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)

General Studies -IV 300 Marks
(Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude)
Marks carried by General Studies was 4X 250=1000

Optional Subject - Paper 1 -300 Marks

Optional Subject - Paper II -300 Marks

Candidate is allowed to take up literature as an optional subject "without the conditionality of having to do his/her graduation in that language's literature.

Sub Total (Written test) 2000 Marks

Marks of English and Language will not be counted so total marks for Written exam will be 2000 Marks Only

Interview/Personality Test - 300 marks

Candidate can give preference of the language in which they may like to be interviewed. UPSC will make arrangement for the translators.

Grand Total 2300 Marks

A candidate is allowed to use any one language from the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution or English as the medium of writing the examination.



                      Civil Services Mains Exam Syllabus



The written examination will consist of the following papers:


Paper A - Modern Indian language 300 Marks - Qualifying nature - Marks not counted - Passing mandatory-


i) Comprehension of given passages.


ii)  Précis Writing


iii) Usage and Vocabulary.


(iv) Short Essay


(v) Translation from English to the Indian language and vice-versa.


 1: The Papers on Indian Languages and English will be of Matriculation or equivalent standard and will be of qualifying nature only. The marks obtained in these papers will not be counted for ranking.


2: The candidates will have to answer the English and Indian Languages papers in English and the respective Indian language (except where translation is involved).


Paper B - English -300 marks - Qualifying nature - Marks not counted- Passing mandatory


The aim of the paper is to test the candidates' ability to read and understand serious discursive prose, and to express his ideas clearly and correctly, in English and Indian Language concerned.


The pattern of questions will be broadly followsas:-


(i) Comprehension of given passages


(ii) Précis Writing


(iii) Usage and Vocabulary


(iv) Short Essay.




Essay - 200 Marks - To be written in the medium or language of the candidate's choice - Candidates will be required to write an essay on a specific topic. The choice of subjects will be given. They will be expected to keep closely to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in orderly fashion, and to write concisely. Credit will be given for effective and exact expression.




General Studies-I 300 Marks (Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society)


Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.


Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues


The Freedom Struggle - its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.


Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.


History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redraw of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.

Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.


Role of women and women's organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.


Effects of globalization on Indian society


Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.


Salient features of world's physical geography.


Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)


Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.




General Studies -II: 300 Marks (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations)


Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.


Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.


Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressed mechanisms and institutions.


Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries


Parliament and State Legislatures - structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.


Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the


Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.


Salient features of the Representation of People's Act.


Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional



Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies


Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.


Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities,

institutional and other stakeholders


Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and


Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.


Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.


Issues relating to poverty and hunger.


Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.


Role of civil services in a democracy.


India and its neighbourhood- relations.


Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India's interests


Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India's interests, Indian diaspora.


Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate.




General Studies -III 300 Marks (Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)


Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management.


Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and Employment.


Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.


Government Budgeting.


Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers


Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions;


Economics of animal-rearing.


Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.


Land reforms in India.


Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.


Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.


Investment models.


Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life


Achievements of Indians in science & technology;


Indigenization of technology and developing new technology.


Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.


Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment


Disaster and disaster management.


Linkages between development and spread of extremism.


Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.


Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention


Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism


Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate




General Studies -IV 300 Marks (Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude)


This paper will include questions to test the candidates' attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and his problem solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society. Questions may utilise the case study approach to determine these aspects. The following broad areas will be covered.


Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.


Human Values - lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.


Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.


Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service , integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.


Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.


Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.


Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance;


Ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.


Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information


Sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen's


Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.


Case Studies on above issues.




Optional Subject - Paper I -300 Marks




Optional Subject - Paper II -300 Marks


Candidates may choose any ONE optional subject from amongst the list of subjects given below.


Interview/Personality Test - 300 Marks

Candidate can give preference of the language in which they may like to be interviewed. UPSC will make arrangement for the translators.




Marks obtained by the candidates for all papers EXCEPT PAPER A& B will be counted for merit ranking. However, the Commission will have the discretion to fix qualifying marks in any or all papers of the examination Aspirants can log on to UPSC's official website ( to see the detailed notification



Part B - Main Examination - Optional Subjects


  General Studies

  Essay

  English Qualifying

  Indian Languages

  Agriculture Main Syllabus

Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science

  Botany Main Syllabus

  Chemistry Main Syllabus

  Civil Engineering Main Syllabus

  Commerce Main Syllabus

  Economics Main Syllabus

  Electrical Engineering Main Syllabus

  Geography Main Syllabus

  Geology Main Syllabus

  Indian History Main Syllabus

  Law Main Syllabus

  Mathematics Main Syllabus

  Mechanical Engineering Main Syllabus

  Medical Science Main Syllabus

  Philosophy Main Syllabus

  Physics Main Syllabus

  Political Science Main Syllabus

  Psychology Main Syllabus

  Public Administration Main Syllabus

  Sociology Main Syllabus

  Statistics Main Syllabus

  Zoology Main Syllabus

  Anthropology Main Syllabus

  Assamese Main Syllabus

  Bengali Main Syllabus

  Chinese Main Syllabus

  English Main Syllabus

  French Main Syllabus

  German Main Syllabus

  Gujarati Main Syllabus

  Hindi Main Syllabus

  Kannada Main


Availability of the Civil Service Examination Form


Candidates are required to apply only through online mode no other mode are available for the submission of applications is allowed.



How to apply


Candidates are required to apply through Online by using the website


Detailed and instructions are given for filling up the online applications.


Last date for receipt of applications:


Important Dates:


Date of Notification: 17th May 2014


Last Date of Apply: 16th June 2014


Civil Services Exam 2014 (Preliminary) 24th  August 2014 Civil Services Exam 2014 ( Mains) 14th December


The online Applications are available till 11.59 PM after which the link will be disabled.


UPSC will publish the notification through newspaper as well as its official website.


The Candidates who are willing to apply for Civil Exam can download the notification for the Civil Service Examination.­­­­


Before filling up the application form the candidate must go through the notification very carefully.


The Candidates can apply the (CSE) Civil Service Examination in two modes:


1) Online application from


2) Offline application form


Online application process can be completed at UPSC official registration website.


Here the candidates can complete application from in simple two parts. In first part you will fill the basic details and in second part candidates have to make the payment by uploading the candidate’s photo along with the signature.


Offline Application can be purchased from the nearest head post office.



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